LOUIS ALTHUSSER. FOR MARX Originally published in France as Pour Marx by François Maspero For Marx consists of seven distinct essays. I have not. 31 Jul Louis Pierre Althusser (–) was a French Marxist philosopher. Pour Marx, Paris: François Maspero, Sep , pp; new ed. 16 Oct Christianity and Marxism; Hegelian Marxism; Marx not Hegel; Historical Écrits pour Althusser, Paris: Éditions la Découverte.

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It also does not mean that all of our ideas are homogenous and that heterogeneous ideas about what is best cannot exist side by side in the same system without leading to conflict though they sometimes do.

However, inasmuch as this early work was seen to espouse a telic view of humanity in which the individual and society was said to undergo a necessary historico-dialectical development, Althusser identified it as fundamentally Hegelian.

For Marx. Louis Althusser

Thus the development within pokr mode of production of the practices specific to it is not necessarily homogenous or linear. Byhowever, Althusser was totally pessimistic about this possibility and, in a letter to his mentor Jean Lacroix, he argued that the sole possibility for realizing Christian values is through communist action.

Presses Universitaires de France. Realism in One Country?

Social science in particular could do so by showing how certain goals were impossible or misguided given present socio-economic relations and by suggesting that, at a certain time and in a certain place, other means and other ends might be more fruitfully adopted and pursued.

Instead, he contends that Marx is guilty of committing the same error as Hegel in mistaking historical content for the fulfillment of the dialectic. However, at mid-decade, he did find the energy to re-visit some of his old work and to attempt to construct from it an explicit metaphysics.

Remaining also is a Marxism which does not subscribe narx any philosophy of history and which certainly does not maintain that capitalism will inevitably lead to communism. It also includes a Hegelian critique of the existing Catholic Church which suggests that the church is incapable of such an alliance without a theological revolution. History of Western Philosophy.


Hamza, Agon,Louis AlthusserKosovo: This course resulted in a series of papers, gathered together as Philosophy and the Spontaneous Philosophy of the Scientists ain which Althusser began rethinking the relations among philosophy, science, ideology, and politics.

In his description of what these concepts and methodology are, Althusser pretty much follows the Party line, insisting that Marx reversed the Hegelian dialectic, that historical materialism is a science, that the sciences verify dialectical materialism, and that the proletariat needs to be taught Marxist science from above. This gambit to have the Party directed by theorists rather than mars a Central Committee whose Stalinism remained entrenched and who believed in the organic wisdom of the worker met with little success.

— For Marx —

Though both states and individuals are important elements of the socio-economic whole, nothing philosophical is learned by examining the essence of the individual or the way in which justice is embodied by the state.

There he enjoyed the comforts of the Mediterranean environment as well as those provided by an extended and stable petit-bourgeois family. In addition, he added to these examples insights from the French tradition of historical epistemology about the way in which sciences come to be constituted. In this capacity, he began offering courses and tutorials on particular topics in philosophy and on particular figures from the history of philosophy.

Louis AlthusserNew York: Inasmuch as authors and readers are always said to think with concepts borrowed from or supplied by the problematic that they inhabit, there is no such thing as an innocent or objective reading: Sign in Create an account.

Thinkers of the New Left. Print Hardcover and Paperback. The English translation of Pour Mmarx helped to althhsser the development of Marxist thought in the Anglophone world throughout the s. Before he could be arrested for the murder, he was sent to a mental hospital. Political practice, Althusser maintained, was mostly motivated by ideological understandings of what the good is and how to accomplish it. Montesquieu and Feuerbach 3. With these concepts made explicit, Althusser believed that Marxist science, or Historical Materialism, could employ them marxx order to achieve better analyses of specific modes of production and better understandings of the opportunities that specific modes of production presented for political change.


In so doing, Althusser says quite a bit about the nature of knowledge and the general relations between philosophy, science, politics, and ideology. These include his thoughts on the structure of the social and political world, the historical process, and philosophy.

Louis Althusser

Empiricism, Popperianism and Realism. During the decades in which xlthusser became internationally known for his re-thinking of Marxist philosophy, Althusser continued in his post at the ENS. Third, new worlds and new orders themselves arise out of chance encounters between pre-existing material elements. Actuel Marx36, 2 Further, it possesses no worked out theory of the relations between economic structures and cultural structures but for that limited knowledge which scientific practice provides.


For aalthusser next few years, Althusser tried to advance the aims of the Communist Party as well as the goal of getting Rytman accepted back into it. This is not to say that Althusser was politically inactive at the school or that his communism did not influence his philosophical work. It would have surprised no one if Althusser had continued to influence French political and philosophical life subtly, through the students that he mentored, through his scholarship on the history of political philosophy, through the colloquia among philosophers, scientists, and historians that he organized, and through his routine work as a Party member.

As scientific knowledge does not speak directly to the public mrx to politicians, Althusser assigned materialist philosophers the job of communicating scientific knowledge of the material real, its conditions, and its possibilities to politicians and the public.

This is a definition of empiricism althusseg to include philosophers as diverse as Locke, Kant, and Hegel and traditions as varied as British Empiricism, German Idealism, Positivism, and Pragmatism. How to cite this entry. The Detour of TheoryNew York: