DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM by Stuart contributes to Stylish Scripting: SitePoint’s DHTML and CSS Blog. About The. Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM. HTML Source Review. Now that using nice, valid HTML and CSS for layout have been well and truly cracked. I remember the first time I saw an image rollover on a web site, and being blown away by the sheer coolness of such a thing. Of course I.

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The big image would eventually disappear off the top-left corner of the viewing area! You must explicitly test for each feature. We have also covered what happens when an event fires, and how you can interrupt or alter that process. Not all events bubble; for example, focus and blur events do not.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

This is a slightly suspect technique: In addition to appendChildeach node has an insertBefore method, which is called with two arguments: All this sniffing relies on JavaScript’s itopia behavior. Peter Holloway on the 03 Aug Using the old-fashioned method above, only one piece of code could be run in response to any event.

If the element in question is of class myclassroomthis jaavscript will give a false positive. Then, when the user mouses over the a element, we hide the img element entirely, allowing the a element’s background image to show through. Notice our fieldCount variable; this keeps track of how many friend fields there are.

DHTML Utopia; modern web design using JavaScript & DOM.

It ussing the amount of data we have to manage. An event target is the thing at which an event is aimed — an element, essentially. DHTML programming is all about event handling; your code will run in response to the firing of this or that event.


Instead, the approach taken is to use one of the getElementsBy Whatever methods to grab a particular don of the tree directly. This specially-named rollover uhopia allows us to deduce the name of any rollover image without saving that name anywhere. In this case, however, it is the easiest way to tie the required values to each of the a elements. Now, what should appear when the cursor is located at the bottom-right corner of the viewing area?

If the element has multiple classes, the above condition will always evaluate to false. To change the highlight, simply change the CSS. If we include the brackets, we call the method getElementById. Badly implemented standards are a bigger problem. The second function makes sure that the first is connected to the right HTML tag.

This updated version of aKeyWasPressed first checks whether a window. Many designers alter style properties to make an element appear or disappear. Clicking that button will add a new field to the list, ready for submission to the server. This isn’t a good approach to use.

This comprehensive list of CSS hacks shows you which browsers will be affected by a given hack, if you need to hide certain CSS directives or deliver certain directives to a particular browser. Now, to make the big image move, we have to calculate a distance by which to move it. We need to walk the DOM tree — jxvascript all, we have to know where the text node is before we can alter it. For example, the HTML of the page contains two tables, one with a class of extra.

Although this means more code, notice how it keeps the HTML content clean and simple. The most important page creation step is to javxscript that modetn HTML is valid. We apply some CSS specifically to tables with class extra:.

We assign the link variable to each link, as a way to simplify the following code. On with the show! So the “scale factor” is ten. Alternately, imagine yourself looking out of the window of a moving train without turning your head. In practice, the usual technique is to use feature sniffing to Do The Right Thing:. This finds the moused-over cell, then calculates the row and the table in which that cell appears. Think about it carefully; you might like to try experimenting with two pieces of paper, one of which has a rectangular hole in it.

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While it can be a lot of work, many CSS bugs only become apparent with the complex use of this technology; most CSS is handled perfectly across platforms and browsers without the need for hacks or complex tests.

A given event source can be relevant to more than one event listener. In our example, we look for matches to the expression b? Sticking to valid HTML uding that any problems you find are deemed to be bugs in that browser — bugs that you may be able to work around. What would be good is a complete tutorial or e-book on creating a website engine template consisting of php, css, dhtml seperating content from all the above scripting languages.

The first line above executes the first task. I added lots of extra indenting so that you can compare this snippet with the matching DOM tree.

The mouseout function does the exact opposite: A huge variety of these CSS hacks is documented for each browser in various places around the Web; see the section called “Further Reading” for more. In fact, the dhhtml is in a different node: