Crops and varieties suitable for organoponicos and intensive gardens. Translate Cultivos y variedades apropiados para organoponicos y huertos intensivos “. 1 Jan The so-called intensive gardens are identical to organoponicos except . in agricultural use, only 10, are for cultivos varios (including root. Cultivo en organopónico in · Article in · Article in Granma. cu in Ruaf Foundation website · Manual Cultivos Organoponicos – ve.

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A chicken coop for more than two hundred egg-laying chickens organopoincos under construction. Now, in addition, land was distributed to individuals as parcelos [plots], with the individuals being called parceleros and cooperatives.

Between January and MayI visited a large number of various types and sizes of urban agriculture production sites in Havana. In this was converted into the Urban Agriculture National Movement. The last point has to be emphasized: But, this also means that from now on, additional gains, say, in vegetable production will have to come from: There are opportunities, on- and off-site, for members to further their formal education; several members are taking courses at the university extensions in their municipality, which are part of a Cuba-wide effort to universalize higher education.

Newly joining members go through an intensive training organoponiccos during their three-month probationary period. Since then, the organoponico has become one of the mainstays of vegetable cultivation in Cuban urban agriculture.

Monthly Review | The Urban Agriculture of Havana

Dear Reader, we make this and other articles available for free online to serve those unable to afford or access the print edition of Monthly Review. The most important obligation of this culticos is honoring its contracts with thirty-eight schools, which call for eight pounds of vegetables per student per month. The first half of the workshop consists of theoretical instruction and discussion of a physical or social environmental issue.

Less well known, but perhaps equally important, are the reasons of prudence and national security that had been pushing Cuba in this direction since the s. And it organopoicos considerable progress, and would seem to have substantial room for further progress.


During my visit, about a dozen youngsters, mostly under the age of ten, were in attendance. Its workforce has grown from 5 tothe area it has use of has increased from 3. The reasons for these spectacular results are the same in Havana as in the rest of the country, and thus can be discussed in the more general setting. This form of social consumption utilizes another 2 percent of the output at the national level. Send the link below via email or IM.

The growing work force employed in urban agriculture had become increasingly more qualified through learning-by-doing and expert instruction. While this last technology was developed in Cuba, it still requires some imports irrigation systems and cuultivos hard currency. One can get a sense of the material incentives offered to the coop members by summarizing what was displayed on that blackboard during March From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations. Having said this, one should not underestimate the obstacles and bottlenecks Cuba faces in transportation and industrial processing of food, and in inputs of organic material, water, energy, and hard currency—the last necessitated by the ongoing need to import inputs for production.


The beds are constructed utilizing compost and worm humus produced on the premises, with waste vegetable matter generated at the plot and the manure obtained from the chickens raised and organoponiocs here. It was during a visit to the Armed Forces Horticultural Enterprise on December 27,that Raul Castro, as minister of defense, encouraged the introduction of a technology later widely employed in urban agriculture.

This consists of both on-the-job training working along current members who know what they are doing as well as formal classroom instruction. Food Production for the Population by Sustainable Methods has sixty-three projects in forty scientific institutions and universities, Production of Animal Feed by Biotechnological and Sustainable Means has thirty-five projects in ten institutions, and though not applicable to urban agriculture Sustainable Development in Mountainous Areas has sixty projects in thirty-eight institutions.


For example, the entire cultivated area of the Province of the City of Havana belongs to urban agriculture. At the same time, there were many scientists that had been doing research in this area, and there were many peasants who had traditional agro-ecological knowledge that could be shared.


It has a contract for biopesticides, which are delivered to the unit. Agro-ecological production applying the principles of ecology to agricultural practicesin part, necessitated production sites near the living areas of large concentrations of people, and at the same time avoided the use of toxic petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides, which were no longer available.

Thus, about of the almost people working with the production unit are members of the cooperative. The necessity for Cuba to turn to urban and organic agriculture in the early s is both well known and understood.

Without food, Cubans had to learn to start growing their own food rather than importing it. Byan organization was created to oversee the systematic introduction of organoponicos and intensive gardens into urban agriculture.

This status, once achieved, has to be maintained by undergoing successful scrutiny by visiting inspection teams every three months. Bysome farmers could have black beans, rice, tomato or even a boiled potato to eat; this is impressive by Cuban standards.

Plots that had become eyesores and informal garbage cutlivos have been transformed into productive land. Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements. Cjltivos will receive thirty hectares as its share, and the Alamar production unit will get one of these. On the road towards capitalism”. This increases yields cultivo enables the production of certain vegetables that are sensitive to the intense rays of the sun during the summer season.

In the subprogram of vegetables and fresh herbs, one of the most successful subprograms, production jumped a thousand-fold from to At his house, he had organoponicps neglected backyard with hard ground.

Add a personal note: This page was last edited on 23 Mayat Now, fifteen years later after first reading and studying, over forty different plants are grown here in organoponico type beds.